Pomology: Everything You Need to Know About Fruit Cultivation

Pomology: Everything You Need to Know About Fruit Cultivation
External Guest Writer
June 2, 2022

Pomology, also known as fruit science, falls under botany as the science researches the way crops are grown. From germination to postharvest quality, Pomology enhances the development of fruits and nuts to meet increased interest in fruit varieties.

What is Pomology?

Pomology is a horticultural science that studies fruit and nut crops, specifically on fruit tree improvement, as a way to increase production yield and fruit quality. This branch of horticulture cultivates fruit trees for disease and pest resilience, faster growing rates, and favorable harvests.

Pomology includes the enhancement of fruit yield in terms of quality and production cost. Pomology ensures that the fruit grown has the best flavor, texture, and is free from pests and pathogens. The science researches transportation and processing methods of the fruit to ensure that the harvest takes as minimal losses as possible.

Pomologist Studies

Pomologists are tasked to create new cultivars to improve existing fruits. Pomologists often work with commercial or independent fruit growers to disseminate research findings, and to study growing fruit under various conditions. They study the germination, fertilization, and pruning methods in growing fruit trees to better understand plant biology.

Pomologists research ways to develop, breed, hybridize, and evaluate different new and traditional varieties of fruit. Trees are studied for their cultivation, making it easier for growers to produce fruit out of season, or in different climates and altitudes.

Pomology’s Economic Importance and Cultivation

Pomology benefits both fruit growers and consumers as the science optimizes crops for favorable characteristics. Under pomology, fruit and nut crops can produce varieties with specific growing requirements, or characteristics.

The different varieties of apples, like the Honey Crisp and the Arctic Golden in the US were cultivated for decades using Pomology research. In fact, the Arctic Golden apple was cultivated to prevent browning upon slicing, keeping the nutritional value of the fruit intact. Other varieties may have been cultivated for their sweetness, aroma, or crisp flesh that consumers seek out.

How Does It Work?

Growing Fruit

Pomological research delves into the growing factors of each fruit tree, including the planting, watering, pruning, and harvesting of the fruit yields. For nuts, Pomology is also responsible for the handling of the nut fruit to yield high quality nuts and seeds that can be processed for consumption, oils, and other products.

Pomology starts with a fruit or nut variety that the researcher aims to cultivate. By studying the nature and growing process of the tree that cultivates fruit, researchers will be able to configure the best possible growing conditions in which the tree would produce optimal yields of the highest quality.

Transporting Harvests

In addition to studying growth factors, Pomology determines the proper handling of the fruit yield during harvesting, as well as transportation to groceries and stalls. Pomology aims to find the best possible way to handle the fruit without bruising the harvests, which is especially important for sensitive fruit yields such as apples, grapes, and mangoes. 

From growing the trees as seedlings, to transporting the harvest to groceries and processing plants, Pomology studies the entire process to ensure that the fruit gets to consumers in its best possible condition, and minimizes losses in production and quality throughout the process.

The Importance of Pomology in Agriculture and Food Production

In terms of food production, Pomology is responsible for the expanding fruit orchard programs during the mid-19th century in the US as a study of providing the growing population with fresh and crisp fruit. Pomology aided in the growth of the agricultural sector, and the number of cultivars available in the market today.

As USDA horticulturalists were studying and importing foreign varieties of fruit, an increasing demand for fruit diversity led to developing experimental lots in agricultural colleges for the cultivation of fruit. Today, Pomology benefits food production the most, leading to:

  • High crop yields
  • Source for agro industries (fruit jams, preserved and dried fruit, nuts, nut oils, etc.)
  • Improved soil health - with perennial irrigation
  • High nutritional content for fruits and nuts
  • Increased exportation of fruit and fruit products
  • Development of optimized growing techniques

Pomology shapes the cultivation of fruit trees, which are not easily grown, to yield specific varieties of fruit at certain conditions. Pomology also deals with studying the specific information in studying production periods of different varieties of crops.

Fruitful Labor

The word Pomology is defined as a fruit science, but this botanical study is essential to the growing markets as it eases the growth of food and medicinal crops. The importance of Pomology in food production cannot be overlooked, as it is this field of science that enhances food production systems to yield top quality fruit for consumers.

Pomology provides valuable information to farmers and growers on how they can optimize their yields. As a result, pomologists manage to create healthy channels where plants are thriving well, farmers are profiting, and consumers are happy with the array of quality options in the market.